What complications can occur after the tooth implant surgery?

A dental implant is a procedure that includes design, development, and adjustment of an intact tooth to replace it with a lost tooth and provide the aesthetic appearance of a natural tooth.

Before the placement of an implant, the specialist must make a prior assessment on the condition of your gums and bone tissues in order to assess whether the patient has enough height and width to place the dental implant in a stable manner.

As this is a surgical procedure, there are a number of possible difficulties that must be taken into account both before the implant placement procedure and after the surgery.

Possible problems during the placement of a dental implant

Dental implants are placed by a surgical procedure, and during the procedure some risks may arise. Some of the complications that can arise include:

  • Graft loss
  • Infection
  • Inflammation and pain
  • Fracture of the iliac crest
  • Bruises
  • Sensorineural changes
  • Lacerations in the upper part of the maxillary sinus.

Complications of dental implants after placing a dental implant

Once the tooth implant surgery is done, problems may arise in the osseointegration period with the bone from the moment the implants are placed until finally they are fixed with the bone in approximately 3 months.

To avoid the possible problems of the placement of a dental implant, it is very important that you follow the postoperative recommendations of surgery and that you keep visiting your dentist for follow-ups.

Infection

The presence of bacteria during surgery or post-surgery can be identified if there is an incorrect antibiotic intake or the patient does not have adequate oral hygiene. The dental implant can accumulate tartar and, with it, bacteria inside the implant can directly affect the bone.

Failure in fixing the implant-bone

In the cases where complications arise with tooth implant surgery, they always have a solution if detected in time. It has been observed that 1 to 3% dental implants do not get to osseointegrate or completely join with the bone so that the titanium implant can be perceived by our body as an external body and be rejected.

When these cases take place, usually the implants are placed again, but with a greater length and diameter. The process of placement is carried out at the same time when the failed implant is being removed.

Fractures

Certain “insensible dental behaviors” such as bruxism, which consists of squeezing and grinding your teeth, directly affect your dental implant. A constant force exerted on the implant can cause its fracture. Similarly, if the dental implant is positioned incorrectly, it may be exposed to excessive pressure and cause stress on it. This is why the dentists must be aware of your dental habits before surgery and implants, as well as any anomalies after the operation.

Nervous or insular damage

This type of complication can take place from the time of the procedure and can increase temporary or permanent sensitivity. The patient tends to believe post-operation that such pain or extreme sensitivity is part of the recovery process. Therefore, if you have any questions, it is best to contact your tooth implant surgery specialist and visit the clinic if the doctor deems it necessary.